Scientific Name: Rosa spp.
|Rose - Growth Habit
Classification: Deciduous USDA
Hardiness Zone: 4-8
- Variable width X 2' to 10' height
- Turning light brown to reddish brown with age
- Covered with spines
||Hybrid Tea Rose
||Climber or Rambler Rose
- May be single or double
- Many are fragrant
- Many different colors
- whites, reds, yellows, oranges, pinks, and purples
- Blooms from the spring through out the summer (some even
bloom until the first frost)
|Ovary or Rose Hip
- Large, rounded
- Located at the base of the petals
- Not showy
- Remove to encourage flowering
- Full sun
- Plant in good soils with good drainage
- Plant in areas with good air movement to prevent fungal
- Roses have been divided into several categories depending on
habit and breeding:
- Species roses - modern roses are descended through these;
basically has a five-petaled single flower
- Old roses - cultivated before hybrid tea roses were
introduced; flowers are generally fragrant; many suitable for trellising
- Hybrid tea roses - large-flowered shrub roses; these roses
succeeded old roses through breeding; some are scented; many varieties; repeat flowering.
- Floribunda roses - similar to hybrid teas with stems that
are more branched; flowers may be single, semi-double or fully double; recent rose
breeding between crosses of modern Hybrid teas with Floribundas has produced
large-flowered Floribunda varieties (often referred to as Grandifloras); repeat flowering.
- Modern shrub roses - hybrids principally between species
roses and old roses; flowers are single or semi-double and open out flat; generally repeat
- Climbers and ramblers -
rangy, climbing roses; flowers borne in clusters over short periods in June and July; need
- Miniature roses - group of small, hardy shrublets; many
colors from semi-double to double flowers; flowers borne in small clusters; repeat
- Pruning is of utmost importance for most roses.
- Flowers are borne on new growth.
- It is important to dead-head in order to encourage new buds
to break which eventually will produce new flowers.
- Once dormant in the winter, heavy pruning is done, often
cutting back shrubs by 2/3 their original height;
crossing branches, diseased and old wood is removed at this time.